The Canadian Metropolis
The Canadian Metropolis

Conference organised by the London Conference for Canadian Studies, Le Groupe de recherches et d’études sur le Canada francophone (le GRECF), and the UK-Canada Cities Research Group of the British Association for Canadian Studies.

Friday 16th and Saturday 17th February 2007

The aim of this conference is to combine social science, architectural and cultural studies perspectives on the analysis of contemporary change in major Canadian cities, exploring the connections between diversity, multiculturalism and cosmopolitanism on the one hand and economic change, creativity and urban regeneration on the other.
Friday 16th February, at the Canadian High Commission, Trafalgar Square, London SW1

9.30    Registration and Coffee

10.00    Welcome to the conference, including words of welcome from Dr Bill Lawton, Academic Relations Officer, Canadian High Commission


Chair: Richard Dennis (UCL)

10.15 Dan Hiebert (UBC): Immigration and the transformation of Canadian metropolitan areas

Canada has maintained a large immigrant intake over the past two decades, and the bulk of newcomers have settled in a small number of metropolitan areas in the country.  In these places, immigration is redefining many aspects of urban life.  In this paper I will begin by summarizing a study that forecasts the socio-cultural landscapes of Montreal, Toronto, and Vancouver in 2017, Canada's 150th year since Confederation.  From this starting point I will discuss the impacts of immigration on the economic wellbeing, and housing markets, of these metropolitan areas.  Despite a number of tensions, Canadians remain more supportive of immigration than their counterparts in other industrialized countries.  I will conclude by examining public attitudes toward immigration in Vancouver, based on a large social survey conducted in 2002.

11.15    Comfort Break

11.30    Stephen Shaw (London Metropolitan University): Ethnoscapes as cultural attractions in Canadian ‘World Cities’

This paper discusses the multicultural heritage of cities that are gateways to immigration, and the tensions that may arise from its re-presentation to visitors.  Neglected inner city streets that are rich in the cultural expressions of past and present immigrant communities - though poor in most other respects - are selected, developed and promoted as showcase quarters: Chinatown, Quartier latin, Petite Italie and so on. The paper examines the territorialisation of ethnic-geographies and histories, and the implications for the public realm of streets and public spaces.  It assesses the extent to which public intervention can nurture sustainable development, as opposed to the creation of isolated, visitor-oriented enclaves that contrast sharply with adjacent inner city areas less appealing to the gaze of visitors.  The author considers the challenge of how to broaden participation and accommodate both visitors and local people at street level, with particular reference to Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver and London.

    Scott Rodgers (King’s College London): Mediating new cities of diversity: The Toronto Star and Toronto’s reading publics

Metropolitan newspapers have historically identified their audiences by the fact that they share turf: they are all residents of the same urban-regional circulation area. In ethnically diverse cities, this approach obliges metropolitan newspapers to convene highly diverse urban publics as a common audience. This paper illuminates the tensions of such processes, drawing on an ethnography of the Toronto Star, the major metropolitan newspaper in a city widely considered one of the most ethnically diverse in the world, Toronto. Focusing on the practiced spaces of editors and newsroom staff, three areas are considered where attempts were made to assemble Toronto’s diversity: sensitising daily work practices; featuring diversity in news content; and incorporating diversity into the dioramic newspaper environment. I conclude by considering the changing articulations of mainstream media in ethnically diverse cities, commenting specifically on the distinctive characteristics of the Toronto Star and the emerging cosmopolitan politics of large Canadian cities.

Discussant: Annemarie Bodaar (Institute for Migration and Ethnic Studies, University of Amsterdam)

1.00    Lunch

Chair : Ceri Morgan (University of Keele)

2.00     Annick Germain (INRS – Urbanisation, Culture et Société): Métropole fragmentée ou cosmopolite? Les quartiers de l'immigration à Montréal

L'immigration et la métropole font l'objet de deux récits bien différents : le premier plonge ses racines dans la vision du cosmopolite de G. Simmel (1908), le second origine des analyses de l'école de Los Angeles sur la ville fragmentée. Pour étudier Montréal, une lecture centrée sur l'échelle du quartier s'est imposée, pour des raisons historiques et heuristiques. On propose alors de passer en revue les différents chapitres de l'histoire de l'immigration à Montréal vue à travers ses quartiers, pour voir comment se conjugent aujourd'hui cosmopolitisme et fragmentation, notamment à l'occasion du retour du religieux.

3.00  Tea

3.30    Ken Hirschkop (University of Waterloo): How many cultures are there in multiculturalism?: the imagining of ethnicity in Toronto

Since the 1970s Toronto has increasingly made “multiculturalism” the centrepiece of its identity.  This reflects not only changes in the immigrant population of the city itself, but also a dramatic shift, visible in many North Atlantic nations, in the meaning and status of ethnicity.  I would like to track and understand this shift by looking closely at the imaginary space made for ethnicity in three quite different narratives of Toronto:  Hugh Garner’s postwar novel Cabbagetown (set in the Depression), Michael Ondaatje’s In the Skin of a Lion (a later, “multicultural” view of the Depression), and Dionne Brand’s recent What We All Long For.  My argument will be, roughly speaking, that the idea of multiculturalism produces, in Ondaatje, a reading of urban ethnicity very different from that found in Garner, and that Brand’s novel is different again: a kind of flowering of the multicultural idea, in which multiculturalism has less to do with the coexistence of different ways of life than with an idealized urban experience, a multicultural space populated by second-generation immigrants of otherwise differing backgrounds.   

    Charlie Mansfield (University of Newcastle / University of Edinburgh): Constructing Urban Space in French-language Literature: Montreal in the Twenty-First Century and the Writing of Monique Proulx

This research has developed from my teaching French-language literature in Canadian Studies at the University of Edinburgh since 2005 and as part of my doctoral work in French at Newcastle University.  The research work aims to discover the way contemporary urban literature works to create space.  The particular focus is on the French-speaking metropolis of Montreal and the representation of urban and social space by contemporary French-language authors in Canada.  The approach starts with, and moves on from twentieth-century work in the field by Douglas Ivison (1998) and Jean-Xavier Ridon (2000) and continues with two themes I developed completing my M.LITT Dissertation (presented at the Society for French Studies Leeds Conference 2005), firstly that literary writing functions to reclaim the urban space for the writers and works to re-insert them into a well-documented city.  Secondly, the writing seeks to incorporate the writers, by naming the newly-encountered objects and signs with a language and vocabulary that is more authentic to their own experience before they encountered the city.

Work in the field of French Studies on nineteenth century French literature has addressed the use of space.  In particular Colette Wilson’s 2004 work on the Emile Zola novel, L’Assommoir and the book-length study by Kristin Ross (1988) on the poetry of Arthur Rimbaud.  My research draws on these primarily as a way of using the theoretical writing of Henri Lefebvre to approach literary texts and also to situate my research in the tradition of twentieth-century French critical study.

Rachel Walls (University of Nottingham): From “Innocent, vulnerable, spun glass kingdom” to “a voyeur’s paradise”: Representations of Vancouver in the work of Douglas Coupland

The title of Coupland’s non-fiction tribute to Vancouver is City of Glass, and this paper aims to use this vision of Vancouver as a multi-layered metaphor applicable to his novel Girlfriend in a Coma.  Girlfriend’s first representation of Vancouver is the fairytale depiction of my initial quote; the protagonist nostalgically remembers the seventies when the city “was so new that it dreamed only of what the embryo knows”.  As the “empty pagan teenagers” of this innocent beginning grow into equally empty adults, the city also grows, but nature is always evident.  References to mountains north and east of the city and volcanic Mount Baker to the south lead to my suggestion that the city is glasslike in its fragility; Vancouver’s position on the edge of the Pacific and a continental plate ensure a blow by nature would result in glass shattering destruction.   A third use of the glass trope relates to Vancouver as a film / television location.  Several of Girlfriend’s characters make their living in this industry which thrives as the city stands in for worldwide locations. It is consequently continually viewed, through the glass lenses of cameras and television screens worldwide; “a voyeur’s paradise” as Coupland notes in City of Glass, describing the most literal reason for his title, the “see-through” towers that dominate the city’s skyline.  Tied in with the employment of Coupland’s protagonists is glass as transparent and lacking depth.  The characters work in a special effects department, helping to create an image rather than something real.  Their work is paralleled by the city and by Coupland’s work.  Vancouver has been described as Canada’s “gleaming and most brazenly artificial metropolis” (Richler), and Girlfriend’s conclusion has been seen as portraying a revolution that does not take itself seriously, “a response to apocalyptic literature” (McGill).  Like glass, and the shimmering city it is set in, Girlfriend in a Coma is reflective, and not a novel of depth. 

5.30    Reception hosted by the Canadian High Commission

Following the reception there will be an informal meal and continuing opportunities for socialising at the bar/cafe in the Institute of Contemporary Arts. The ICA is located on The Mall, about five minutes walk from Canada House.
Saturday 17th February, at the Institute for the Study of the Americas, 35 Tavistock Square, London WC1

The Institute for the Study of the Americas is on the west side of Tavistock Square in Bloomsbury. Nearest tube stations are Russell Square, Euston and Euston Square.

9.30    Registration


Chair: Stephen Shaw (LMU)

9.45    Betsy Donald (Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario): The Urban Creative Food Economy: producing food for the urban elite or social inclusion opportunity?

The food industry has always been a major generator of economic activity in Canadian city-regions. However, the innovative and creative elements of the industry have changed recently. Since the mid 1990s, the fastest growing segment within the Canadian food industry has been the small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).  The specialty, ethnic and organic SMEs (hereinafter referred to as the ‘creative food’ industry) appear to be particularly innovative as they respond to consumer demand for local, fresh, ethnic, and fusion cuisine. Based on over 100 interviews mainly in the Toronto area with food producers, processors, restaurateurs, food media, non-government organizations, government and private-sector agencies, our results suggest that this ‘creative food’ sector is thriving despite existing public policies that bias toward large-scale, industrialized agri-food firms in the region.  Contrary to a widely held view, the creative food industry is not just about promoting exclusive foods for the pleasure of urban elite. Rather it offers an opportunity for a more socially inclusive and sustainable urban development model.  These findings have implications for multi-level governance in cluster formation and policy, future research on food, as well as for theories on innovation, urban creativity and sustainable governance.

10.45    Coffee

11.15    Graeme Evans and Jo Foord (London Metropolitan University): Creative Toronto and City Growth

The presentation is based on an international comparative study by the authors (with Prof. Meric Gertler, University of Toronto) of ‘Creative Spaces: Strategies for Creative Cities’ undertaken for London (London Development Agency) and Toronto, which led to the ‘Creative Toronto’
economic strategy, recently launched by Toronto metropolitan and Ontario provincial governments. The focus on the creative industries/knowledge economy, manifested in workspace, innovation/convergence centres and mixed-use/high density development, and the spatial distribution and tensions between core/downtown investment and urban fringe/suburban
growth, will be discussed. Toronto’s ‘creative city’ policy rationale and position within Canada and internationally, will also be presented. The concept and practice of sustainable and compact city growth clusters will also draw on research conducted under the Sustained Canadian Studies
programme, contrasting London, UK with Toronto and Ontario’s interpretation of city growth, land-use planning and economic development.

    Rachel Granger (Coventry University): Place sensibilities: on the trail of Richard Florida’s creative professionals

The prospect of an emerging cohort of highly skilled, highly creative professionals – the so-called ‘creative class’ (Florida, R. (2002) The Rise of the Creative Class. New York: Basic Books) – has been exciting researchers and business analysts for several years now. The main precept of which are the place sensibilities of some towns and cities and lifestyle choices of creative professionals, which are now well entrenched in some areas of urban and economic policy. More recent still, has been the reluctance of some academics and policy practitioners to accept Florida’s core principles in the context of what is happening in several towns and cities across Europe and North America, which have tended to rebut his ideas.

Drawing on architecture, as one example of the type of creative and professional services growing exponentially in Western cities, this paper explores the geography of architecture in Canada as a way of understanding the spatial organisation of contemporary (creative) work. While the research reveals an overwhelming centrality of the sector in the four largest city-regions: Toronto; Montreal; Toronto; and Calgary, architects’ working practices reveal a more diffuse geography, which in some respects affirms to Florida’s ideas but in other respects raises questions about the sustainability of some conurbations. Vancouver in particular enjoys a high concentration of architects attracted by the city’s high quality of living and lifestyle. Yet the fact that many architects based in Vancouver work elsewhere, travelling over large distances to secure contracts, does raise questions about (i) the motivations of creative professionals, (ii) the appeal of cosmopolitan cities, and (iii) urban sustainability and professional dislocation.

1.00    Lunch
During the lunch break there will be an informal planning meeting for the new BACS Urban Studies Group, convened by Stephen Shaw, which all who are interested are invited to attend.

2.00   Helena Grdadolnik (LSE): FrontierSpace │ the role of architectural activism in Canadian cities

I will use the project FrontierSpace as a case study to demonstrate a new model for architectural practice in Canada: architectural activism. The role of the architectural activist is to subvert the current top-down building process in Canadian cities to allow for flexibility and creativity in city formation. Cities are formed not only by architects, developers and planners, but also by every citizen; for this reason one of the tasks for the architectural activist is to promote knowledge about the importance of the built environment to the Canadian public.

FrontierSpace was the first project by SpaceAgency, a Vancouver-based group that is making space for discussion and knowledge of architecture in the public realm. FrontierSpace consisted of an international design competition to transform the alleyways in Vancouver’s Gastown with a temporary structure and a three-day series of community events in the summer of 2005. The winning design of giant white balloons squeezed between the alley walls brought over 2000 people to the opening night event.

2.45    Break

3.00   Nicolas Douay (L’Université de Montréal / L’Université Paul Cezanne (Aix-Marseille 3)): Metropolization in Montreal: What’s the Plan?

In an urban context marked by the phenomenon of metropolization and globalization, cities are experiencing many changes: spatially they are confronted by new challenges and politically their powers are being increasingly fragmented.

In light of this recent situation, cities are often engaged in new territorial strategies. Such evolutions emerge in the Canadian metropolis.  In the case of this vast country, each metropolis reacts at its own pace according to its specific problems and respective players.

To illustrate the evolution of the practices of metropolitan planning, the case study of Montreal’s metropolitan scheme of planning and the development of the Montreal Metropolitan Community will be presented. The Montreal Metropolitan Community developed a spatial approach based on land-use regulations but without a real strategy and priorities. Then Montreal is still building a new mode of governance.

In conclusion, the country’s 1st and 3rd largest metropolises of Toronto and Vancouver will serve to conclude about the contemporary Canadian metropolis and their planned metamorphoses.

    Ceri Morgan (University of Keele): Youth Disaffection in the ‘Global City’: The Montreal of the ‘Bof Generation’

Part of a wider project on the post-1960 Montreal novel, this paper looks at representations of the city and of the greater Montreal region in Québec’s equivalent to the ‘Generation X’ novel.  Coming out of a post-Quiet Revolution context, and following from the failure of the vote in support of sovereignty-association in 1980, these examples of 80s fiction combine post-referendum blues with a wider, more generalised angst.  They are notable for their self-conscious positioning of themselves in relation to their literary antecedents, as well as for their celebration of a Montreal that is figured as having superseded the Québec nation.  Looking at two key areas that feature in the ‘bof generation’ novel, namely the Latin quarter near l’Université du Québec à Montréal and Mirabel airport, the paper considers the extent to which the authors of this genre figure Montreal as a ‘global’ city.

4.30    Closing Remarks


DAN HIEBERT is professor of geography at the University of British Columbia and co-director of Research on Immigration and Integration in the Metropolis (RIIM), the Vancouver base of the ‘Metropolis’ programme.  Dan graduated from the University of Winnipeg and took his M.A. and PhD at the University of Toronto. His research focuses on ethnic groups in the labour and housing markets of twentieth-century Canadian cities, on the integration of immigrants into the economy, both as workers and entrepreneurs, and on the policy process, both in terms of the selection of immigrants and the services that are offered to assist their settlement.

STEVE SHAW is Director of TRaC Research Centre and Senior Lecturer at the Cities Institute, London Metropolitan University. He has published widely on sustainable cultural tourism, cityscapes and migrant communities, mobility and public spaces. In his previous career as a chartered town planner, he worked for a number of local authorities; he chaired the urban tourism initiative Discover Islington, and is a member of ICOMOS (UK) Cultural Tourism Committee. Steve's current research projects, supported by EPSRC, English Heritage and the Canadian High Commission, focus on accessibility and user needs in transport, sustainable cities, heritage protection, and inclusive and sustainable infrastructure for tourism and urban regeneration.

SCOTT RODGERS took his first degree in Urban and Regional Planning from Ryerson University, Toronto in 1999. He initially worked for various ministries of the Province of Ontario, mainly in urban policy development and research. In 2001 he obtained an MSc in urban geography from the LSE. Through these work and educational experiences he became more interested in a set of research concerns clustering around the geographies of cities, politics and media, providing the grounds for his PhD research at King’s College London since 2003.

ANNICK GERMAIN took her first degrees in Belgium before completing a PhD in Sociology at Université de Montréal in 1981. She taught at Université de Montréal from 1981 to 1992, before joining INRS-Urbanisation in 1989, where she is now Professor. Her research interests are in urban sociology, planning and governance, heritage, social networks and ethnicity. With Damaris Rose, she is co-author of Montréal, The Quest for a Metropolis (Wiley, 2000).
KEN HIRSCHKOP moved from the USA to England to do graduate work in literature, writing a doctorate on the work of Mikhail Bakhtin. Following eight years as Lecturer in the History and Theory of Communication at the University of Southampton, he ran an MA programme in Cultural Criticism at the University of Manchester until 2005, when he moved to his present post as associate professor at the University of Waterloo. He is a co-author of Benjamin’s Arcades Project:  an unguided tour (Manchester University Press, 2005) and is now involved in a follow-up project on how cities tell their own stories. This project will examine how Toronto, Manchester, Algiers and Buenos Aires have narrated their past and present in the course of the twentieth century, in all media, from the literary to the popular and official. 

CHARLIE MANSFIELD was awarded a Canadian High Commission Doctoral Scholarship for research on Francophone Urban Space. His research interests include French Travel Writing, particularly contemporary writers on crossing Paris: Annie Ernaux, Jean Rolin, François Maspero; and Francophone and French Literature of Identity & Migration, focusing on the creation of urban space in Canada, and including the work of Nicole Brossard, Jean-Paul Daoust and Monique Proulx.

RACHEL WALLS is studying for a Masters of Research in the American and Canadian Studies Department in the University of Nottingham, where she also undertook her first degree, including time studying in Canada.
BETSY DONALD is Assistant Professor in the Department of Geography at Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario. She has degrees in history, environmental studies, planning and geography from McGill, York and Toronto respectively. She teaches and does research on the urban creative economy, with recent publications in Environment and Planning A, Economic Geography and Space & Polity. She is also a Registered Professional Planner and has consulted on a wide-range of public policy issues for all levels of government. She currently has two SSHRC-funded research projects: one on creative class politics in Toronto and Boston, and the other on the urban creative food economy. She has received numerous awards for her research including the Governor General's Gold Medal for Academic Excellenc and is currently Visiting Scholar at Harvard's Rappaport Institute for Greater Boston in the Kennedy School of Government.

GRAEME EVANS is Professor and Director of the Cities Institute, London Metropolitan University, which focuses on cities, urban regeneration and urban society, incorporating research centres in transport, youth homelessness and environment and ageing, with major research projects on sustainable urban design, creative clusters and city growth in London, Sheffield, Manchester, Barcelona and Berlin, Toronto, Montreal and New York. Graeme holds an MA and PhD from City University and was director of the Centre for Leisure & Tourism Studies at the University of North London. He was also Director of Research for Central St Martins College of Art & Design, University of the Arts London, before returning to London Met to head up the new Cities Institute. He advises the Department for Culture on culture and regeneration and Lottery impacts and has served as an Enabler for the Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE). He is a visiting professor at the INRS, University of Quebec in Montreal, Central St Martin’s College, and Gothenberg University (Law & Commerce).

JO FOORD is a Principal Research Fellow in the Cities Institute. She is currently working on an international study of Creative Spaces for the London Development Agency, a comparative study of urban sustainability in Canadian and British cities sponsored by the Foundation for Canadian Studies and an EPSRC funded project called Vivacity 2020 on the quality of life in mixed-use inner city neighbourhoods. Jo has a research and teaching background in Human Geography and has worked in local government.

RACHEL GRANGER completed her PhD at the University of Birmingham, on ‘The geography of the knowledge-driven economy’, and is now Principal Lecturer at the University of Coventry, where she teaches and researches on urban regeneration and economic geography and manages MSc programmes in ‘Regeneration and Sustainable Communities’ and ‘Regeneration Management’. Rachel is working with the OECD, local government, regional development agencies, and a number of regeneration practitioners and academics, to develop interdisciplinary learning in the sustainable communities field.

HELENA GRDADOLNIK is currently studying for a PhD at the LSE on ‘Architecture Policy in Canadian Cities: A Social Concern’. Her research interests are in architecture and urbanism, social policy, the public realm, cultural organizations. She obtained a BES degree in architecture and an MArch from the University of Waterloo. As an architecture critic, Helena was Vancouver correspondent for Canadian Architect magazine from 2003 to 2006 and her writing has appeared in the Globe and Mail, the Tyee, Azure Magazine, Arcade, ARCA, Competitions Magazine and Frame. She has taught 19th- and 20th-century design history at the Emily Carr Institute of Art and Design and urban history and theory at the University of British Columbia’s School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. Helena was a founding member of SpaceAgency, a Vancouver-based group  making space for architectural discourse in the public realm.

NICOLAS DOUAY is a Cotutelle doctoral student in land settlement and urban studies at the Faculté d’Aménagement de l’Université de Montréal and l’Institut d’Aménagement Régional de l’Université Paul Cézanne in Aix-en-Provence. His thesis project in entitled, “La planification métropolitaine à Marseille et Montréal: entre renouveau et continuité.” His studies more generally examine different aspects of metropolization (spatial, political and settlement strategies). Since 2004, he has been setting up the Observatoire des territoires et de la métropolisation dans l’espace méditerranéen, where he is coordinating a comparative research project between 16 metropolises in the Mediterranean basin.

CERI MORGAN studied at the University of Southampton, where she gained a BA (Hons) in French and English, an MA in critical theory, and a PhD on representations of space, place, and identity in the contemporary Québécois novel.  She has been a lecturer at Keele since September 1999, where she has offered courses on Québécois writing and French cinema. She is continuing her research on literary geographies, looking at representations of heartlands in the Québec novel and, and working on a book on Mindscapes of Montrealworking at the interface between literary and cultural studies and urban and cultural geography.

The conference has been co-organised by three groups:
Le Groupe de recherches et d’études sur le Canada francophone (le GRECF)
The group developed from collaboration on a curriculum development programme called ‘Canada in French Studies’ that started in 1979 under the direction of Cedric May at the University of Birmingham. At a later date the group was accepted as a BACS specialist group, and adopted its current title in 1986.  Its main objective is to bring together academics and graduate students engaged in the study of Québec and francophone Canada.  Le GRECF has an annual conference, occasional seminars, and publishes a book series, entitled Focus on Québec.  Recent conferences have included ‘Robert Lepage’, Canada House and Birkbeck College, June 2-3, 2006 (held in conjunction with the University of Manchester and the Birkbeck Centre for Canadian Studies); and ‘Montreal and Cultural History’, la Délégation Générale du Québec à Londres, May 16, 2005.
Convenor: Ceri Morgan, Keele University. e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

The UK-Canada Cities Research Group

The group will bring together UK researchers whose work relates to Canadian cities, including comparative urban studies.  In this context, the principal objectives will be to:

a)      encourage synergies between diverse disciplines and practices
b)      develop links between research communities in Canada and the UK
c)      facilitate collaboration between researchers and practitioners
d)      initiate a programme of activities and events

Initial discussion suggests that the following themes and perspectives might be explored by the new Group in 2007: i) urban governance; ii) urban history; iii) economics of urban development and regeneration; iv) aboriginal people and the city; v) mobility, migrations and the cosmopolitan city; vi) gender, sexuality and the city; vii) cities in literature, film and other media; viii) sustainable cities; ix) urban cultural heritage; x) creative cities.

Convenor: Steve Shaw, London Metropolitan University. e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

The London Conference for Canadian Studies

The London Conference for Canadian Studies was set up in 1982 to encourage the promotion of Canadian Studies in London and the South East of the UK. The principal activities of the LCCS are to organise conferences, to publish an online journal, The London Journal of Canadian Studies, and to maintain a record of teachers, researchers and postgraduates with interests in Canada who are based in London and the South-East. The journal, which is fully refereed, is published annually and is available free online at . Each issue focuses on a single theme, usually derived from a previous year’s conference, although often including additional papers. Recent issues have included:

Volume 18: ‘Images of Pierre Trudeau’
Volume 19: ‘Deepening Integration in the Americas’
Volume 20: ‘The North Atlantic Triangle Revisited’

Volume 21, to be published later this Spring, will be on ‘Gender and the City’

Editor, LJCS: Professor Itesh Sachdev, SOAS. e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it
Convenor, LCCS: Richard Dennis, UCL. e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

The organisers are grateful to the Canadian Government, the Délégation générale du Québec à Londres, and the Institute for the Study of the Americas for their support in the organization of this conference.